The journey from Encumeada to Pico Ruivo takes you on a wild adventure along steep stairways, to the top of peaks, and through the incredible forests of Madeira Island. If you are lucky, you will emerge through the cloud cover to summit Pico Ruivo, which is the highest point on the entire island. The route is not for the faint-hearted with an out-and-back journey of 20-kilometers and almost 2000 meters of vertical climbing.


Hike Distance: The total distance of my hike was 21.75 kilometers. However, you could just do the hike one way and have a friend pick you up at Pico Ruivo so you don’t have to hike back to Encumeada.

Hike Duration: The hike will take you about 6-8 hours because there is a considerable incline and the terrain is often uneven stairs or slippery, rugged surfaces.

Hike Difficulty: This hike is one I would list as moderately difficult for a number of reasons. Firstly the incline is 1,817 meters, which is very steep for most hikers. Secondly, it’s quite long on top of the incline with 21.75 kilometers to cover. The terrain is a mixture of rocky stairs to nice grass paths to slippery descents. You have to be prepared for it all. There are a few moments of exposure but there wasn’t anything very technical on this hike that requires any mountaineering skills.

Hike Incline: Total incline for the hike was 1,817 meters

My Strava Map Upload: Encumeada to Pico Ruivo


This is a pretty straightforward one to find as the hike begins directly from the Encumeada Viewpoint (Miradouro da Encumeada). This is a little viewpoint area with a souvenir shop, cafe, and parking lot. The cafe is a good place for a beer or coffee after the hike. The trail begins just down the road from the cafe where you will see an official sign on the right-hand side of the road painted in red and yellow. The hike was easy to follow using Maps.me app. When you are at the cafe, just route to Pico Ruivo on the app and you can follow the app directly although there are a number of signs along the way.

I’ve pinned the location of the viewpoint below so you can plan your route to the starting point of the hike.


To begin the trail, you park at the cafe/souvenir store and then walk down the hill until you see the red and yellow sign on your right. It says Pico Ruivo and Achada do Teixeira on the side and that is exactly where we are headed.

The trail is an uphill battle from the very first moment. You are not eased into the hike, you immediately start climbing stairs at a rate of about 150m incline per kilometer for the first couple of kilometers. You can see in the photo below I’m looking down from the stairs and you can spot the cafe where you begin the hike all the way down there in the distance.

I found this trail really challenging and fun at the same time because you have to keep mentally focused with the stairs and uneven surfaces but the landscape is also constantly evolving with drop-offs and views throughout the valley.

After the initial stairs, there is a bit of a grassy plateau before you begin to enter the rocky terrain at the base of the mountain peaks. This was the first time I was hiking on grass after months of trails in Madeira. There were often tree arches and it felt very wild even though the route was maintained and trimmed back to keep it clear for runners and hikers.

You’ll reach a fork in the road after about 4-kilometers. It’s clearly marked on the online maps but if you continue straight you will end up at Pico Grande. If you take the left route you will veer off towards Pico do Jorge and eventually Pico Ruivo, which is the correct route. The trail undulates, dropping you into the forest and then teasing you with a small viewing window every so often. It can be completely covered in clouds or exposed to the hot sun. This trail is one of those routes that can look completely different in a variety of weather conditions.

On the way to Pico Ruivo, we had almost 1300 meters of incline and 500 meters of incline on the ‘downhill’ return. It’s very much a trail of undulation but this makes it quite exciting as you cross a number of valleys and ridges along the way. At the halfway point, you will come across Pico do Jorge and Pico das Torrinhas, which offer a number of unique rock formations. Once you reach Pico do Jorge, you will be more than halfway to Pico Ruivo, which is just over 10 kilometers from your starting point.

The final few kilometers up to Pico Ruivo are consistently uphill and often in the clouds. On the day we hiked, we were inside the clouds for much of the journey until we finally poked our heads out into clear skies at the summit of Pico Ruivo, which made us appreciate the view even more.

I’ve been to Pico Ruivo summit from many different routes and therefore I have photos in lots of different lighting and cloud conditions. These photos are some of what you can expect depending on what time you reach the summit.

If you have nice friends, you can arrange for them to pick you up at Achada do Teixeira parking lot. This would mean doing the 2.5-kilometer hiking and finishing your day there. If you are running this show solo like we were, you are now in for another 10-kilometer journey back to Encumeada. Despite it being ‘downhill’, you will have more than 500 meters of incline to contend with. It took us just over three hours to get back to Encumeada at quite a good pace so don’t leave your run too late. We had epic cloud conditions during the golden hour on our return back to Encumeada to complete the hike.

I hope you enjoyed this guide about the hike from Encumeada to Pico Ruivo. Happy hiking and stay safe out there.

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